Parsley “chemoprotective” plant

The History of Parsley

                                   PARSLEY

The name “parsley” comes from two Greek words Petroselinum (petrose) meaning “rock.”, and the other is selenium, which is an ancient name for celery. Literally, parsley means “rock celery.”  Rock celery because it thrives on rocks and walls.  The ancient Greeks and Rome believed parsley was sacred and also evil, where death and victory run hand in hand. Warriors fed parsley leaves to their horses to give them strength. The Greeks placed it on winning athletes and also on the tombs of the dead.  Parsley was closely associated with death, perhaps due to its look-alike “fool’s parsley”, which is poisonous. It was scattered over graves during funerals and planted on those sites as well. The saying “De’eis thai selinon”, or “needs only parsley” was the equivalent of today’s “one foot in the grave”.

A lot of us think that parsley only acts as a garnish for food, making the plate look more presentable and attractive. Some people just toss the leaf away or push them to the side of the plate. Not a lot of people actually eat them along with their meals.

There are two main types of parsley plants used as herbs in recipes:

            1. Curly-leaf parsley also called French parsley
            2. Italian, or flat-leaf parsley

Flat-leaf Italian parsley is more closely related to the wild parsley species that was first grown in the Mediterranean. Compared to curly parsley, it also has a stronger flavor and is easier to grow.

Some people prefer the curly-leaf variety because of its decorative appearance when it’s used on top of recipes. Both types taste very similar to someone who is not extremely familiar with them, and both offer similar health benefits.

Parsley can provide much more than a decoration on your plate. Parsley was used medicinally prior to being consumed as a food in the Mediterranean for 2,000 years before it was used for food.


 

 

 

 

It contains a range of protective vitamins and flavonoid antioxidants that are responsible for many of the disease-fighting parsley benefits being researched today. These antioxidants include luteolin, apigenin, lycopene, beta-carotene, and alpha-carotene.


PARSLEY SUPERSTARS

PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS

 

          Immune Booster

Vitamin C has many different functions.

  • Its powerful anti-inflammatory agent and its antioxidants help slow the aging process.
    • It perfectly helps to fight with edema, no matter where they occur: on the legs, face or in other places.
  • usefulness in conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, and needed for the healthy function of the immune system.
  • It may also be helpful in reducing the severity of asthma, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Vitamin C improves iron absorption.
  • Vitamin C helps maintain a healthy gut environment, where much of the immune system is actually located

        1. Pass the leaves and roots of the plant through a meat grinder and add the seeds in a glass bowl.
        2. Pour boiling water and wait about 7 minutes. After that, tea can be filtered and drunk.
        3. It is advisable to drink a cup of tea every two hours.
        4. To improve the taste, you can add lemon and honey.

          Important antioxidant

Vitamin A ~ helps reduce the risk for the development and progression of conditions like atherosclerosis, diabetes, and colon cancer.

It is a nutrient so important to a strong immune system that its nickname is the “anti-infective vitamin.”

          Cancer prevention

  • Protecting your cells from damage caused by unstable molecules called free radicals
  • This herb is sometimes called a “chemoprotective” plant because it helps protect DNA from damage, stops cell mutation and helps induce apoptosis, or the death of harmful cells.
  • Folate is vitally important for cancer-prevention or inhibiting tumors due to high levels of anti-inflammatory compounds. It is therefore important for cancer-prevention areas of the body that contain rapidly dividing cells such as the colon and the cervix.
  • Apigenin has been found to
    1. …“inhibit the progestin-dependent synthesis of human breast cancer cells
    2. …significantly delaying the development of, and decreasing the incidence and multiplicity of mammary tumors,” according to research done in 2013 by the American Association of Cancer.
  • Myristicin, limonene, eugenol, and alpha-thujene are powerful oil components that benefit the body’s immune system and help fight cancer neutralizing oxidative stress and fighting off carcinogens.

          Heart Health (B, K, C)

  • K Promotes strong capillaries and is used for the prevention of spider veins.
  • B Reduces blood vessel damage lowering the risk of stroke, heart attack, and atherosclerosis (thickening of artery walls).
  • K Just 10 sprigs improves bone health and improves calcium absorption.
  • K Proper blood clotting, which can help prevent excessive bleeding.
  • C Improves Heart Health
  • Carotenoids (A vitamins) contribute to lower rates of heart disease
  • B Folate is needed for heart health – it’s a vital B vitamin that plays a critical role in protecting your heart. Folate in order to convert homocysteine, a type of amino acid found in the blood. Homocysteine is a potentially troublesome molecule that can cause damage to blood vessels when uncontrolled, potentially leading to a heart attack or stroke.
Just two tablespoons (8 grams) of parsley deliver more vitamin K than you need in a day.
NOTE:  If you are taking blood-thinners such as Coumadin (warfarin),
it is important that you do not suddenly begin to eat more foods containing vitamin K, which plays a large role in blood clotting.

 

Improves Oral Hygiene

Parsley is chock full of chlorophyll, which has antibacterial properties. You have all probably seen a sprig of parsley as a garnish to decorate your plate or on a display of dishes in a restaurant. What you may not know is that eating it after a meal fights oral bacteria that causes bad breath.

          Digestive Health

  • Parsley works as a natural diuretic.
  • Improves digestion of proteins and fats
  • Parsley’s high enzyme content contributes to improving overall digestion, and the effective elimination of waste.
  • Parsley stimulates digestion and the kidneys and helps eliminate toxins and kidney stones. It relieves water retention, bloating, indigestion, and flatulence (preventing the formation of gas).
  • It increases urine flow to remove infection-causing bacteria from the urinary tract.

“Parsley is used for inflammation of the kidneys and bladder, gravel, stones, and urine retention.”

“Parsley is remarkable for its ability to expel watery poisons, excess mucoid matter, [even] flatulence, reducing swollen and enlarged glands.”

According to Dr. John Christopher of the Herbal Legacy Group

  • Acts as antiurolithiatic drug through decreasing urinary calcium excretion, increasing urinary pH, dieresis, decreasing urinary protein excretion, and via its nephroprotective activity.”
  • It helps your body flush out more toxins such as heavy metals

According to a 2002 review done at the American University of Beirut.

  • It prevents the formation of kidney stones, benefiting digestive health because it helps stimulate kidney production of urine and draws excess water out of the abdomen, where it can cause discomfort and indigestion.
  • Regular consumption of parsley also speeds up the process of uric acid removal. This is a symptom of arthritis.
  • Help relieve water retention
  • And eases bloating
  • Treats a number of gastrointestinal symptoms and disorders:
    1. including gas
    2. constipation
    3. bloating
    4. indigestion
    5. nausea
  • It helps increase bile production and beneficial gastric juices that are needed for proper enzyme functions involved in food and nutrient absorption.

        1. Use 30g (or 3 tablespoons full) of parsley leaves per 4 cups of boiling water.
        2. Let it steep for 10 minutes and sip before meals to prevent bloating, or after to relieve it.
NOTE:  Parsley can cause serious issues for those who already have kidney or gallbladder problems.

Wound Healing

An essential amino acid found in parsley is needed to repair damaged tissues. Parsley juice works wonders to speed up wound healing after surgery.

Soothes Irritated Skin:

Rub dried or fresh parsley leaves on irritated skin or insect bites to soothe skin irritation. When dealing with boils, boil parsley leaves in water and apply it on the affected areas for a few hours. It also helps to fade freckles and spots.

Protects Eye and Skin Health(A)

  • Carotenoid and beta-carotene boost eye health. These antioxidants protect the retina and cornea from damage as someone ages.
  • Helping prevent eye disorders like macular degeneration and cataracts.
  • Fights signs of aging on the skin.
  • Parsley benefits skin and dental health by fighting off infections and bacteria.
  • Protects eyes and skin from UV light damage, and may be able to help prevent skin cancer.

Bone Protecting (Ca, K, D, Mg)

  • maintaining bone density
  • fights bone breaks and fractures

Balance Hormones(B6)

  • for normalizing menstruation
  • treating amenorrhea (loss of menstrual cycle)
  • decreasing menstrual pain
  • important for fertility
  • prevents symptoms of PMS
  • prevents neural tube defects
  • important for a healthy pregnancy

Caution: Parsley is not recommended for pregnant women in large amounts, as it may cause uterine contractions, but used after delivery, it is said to tone the uterus.

Parsley Tea (uses 2 to 4 tablespoons of fresh parsley with 2 cups of water). This tea has been used in natural folk medicine as a remedy for treating gallstones, indigestion, kidney stones, constipation, and edema (bloating). Drinking ginger and parsley tea is also a great way to soothe nausea associated with pregnancy, stomach viruses, etc.

  1. Chop fresh parsley and tie up in cheesecloth. Place bundle in a teapot with lid
  2. Bring water to boil in a kettle or heavy saucepan
  3. Pour boiling water over cheesecloth bundle, cover and let steep for 10 minutes
  4. Warm 1 tablespoon honey for each cup of tea and serve while hot.
  5. It is advisable to drink a cup of tea every two hours.

Use 30g (or 3 tablespoons full) of parsley leaves per 4 cups of boiling water. Let it steep for 10 minutes and sip before meals to prevent bloating, or after to relieve it.


Many Christian groups also celebrate Passover. Christians tend to view the brilliant green parsley as symbolizing new life, the life they believe is promised by Jesus’ resurrection. Because of Parsley’s bitterness, it is done in remembrance of the enslaved Jews and the tears they shed.

Thank you so much for taking the time to stop by.  It shows your interest in health or at least your curiosity.  I am truly enjoying learning more about the powerful benefits of the Herbs and Spices we use in our kitchens.  If you enjoyed this post and learning about Parsley, please press the follow button, like it, and share how it helped you.  If you know someone who could be helped by this information please pass it on.  People are destroyed from a lack of knowledge. (Hosea 4:6)  I’d be very grateful if you’d help it spread the word so that more people can live their best life now free and to the fullest.


Dr. Axe

NCBI.NLM.NIH.GOV

Thinkers News

Thyme, “The Anti-Viral Herb”

The worldwide viral situation was influential for this month’s herbal choice.  Get ready to discover some very interesting benefits of this herb.  May I also suggest that it may be “Thyme”, (pun intended) to start an herbal garden.

Did you know…

> During medieval times, knights often wore scarves decorated with thyme because it was a symbol of bravery.

> Ancient Greek soldiers were given the plant before battle to bolster their courage. It also seems that thyme may have helped them breathe easy as they swung their swords.

Thyme herb contains thymol found scientifically to have one of the most important volatile oils found in thyme that offers antiseptic and antifungal properties.   Thyme can be of 300 varieties and chemotypes, or plants that seem similar, but have different chemical compositions. I would give this herb 5 star*****/A+++ rating.  Be inspired by Thyme’s extraordinary quality and value in its following characteristics:

  • *Anti-viral
  • Antiseptic (thymol contains powerful antimicrobial properties)
  • **Anti-fungal characteristics. (carvacrol, borneol, and geraniol)
  • ***Anti-oxidants –  (zeaxanthin, lutein, apigenin, naringenin, luteolin, and thymonin)
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-cancer (carvacrol)

At the top of the list, you see that thyme is an anti-viral herb.   There are more than 400 different viruses that can cause infections, including the common cold, the flu, hepatitis, mononucleosis, and HIV.

A virus is a small infectious agent that can only replicate inside the living cells of other organisms. Viruses have actually been described as “organisms at the edge of life” because they carry genetic material, reproduce, and evolve through natural selection, but they lack cell structure, which is generally needed to be considered living.

>  *Antiviral herbs inhibit the development of viruses. Many of the best antiviral herbs boost the immune system(A,C), which allows the body to attack viral pathogens. This can be even better than attacking specific pathogens, which antiviral drugs are designed to do because pathogens mutate over time and become less susceptible to treatment.

Not only do antiviral herbs fight viral infections, boost the immune system, and work as flu natural remedies, but they have a number of other health benefits, such as cardiovascular, digestive and anti-inflammatory support.(A, C)

>  **Thyme is able to treat symptoms of the candida infections, whether they occur as yeast infections, skin rashes, or thrush in your mouth.

> ***Fresh thyme herb has one of the highest antioxidant levels among herbs, a total ORAC value of 27,426-µmol TE/100 g.

Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) values. It is an analysis that measures the antioxidant levels of food and other chemical substances. If a food has a high ORAC score, then it means the food is high in antioxidants.  The antioxidant’s strength is its ability to eliminate oxygen free radicals. With the ORAC, a higher score means the food is better at helping us fight diseases such as heart disease and cancer.


NUTRITIONAL PROFILE – TOP 10

Thyme’s leaves are one of the richest sources of Vitamin K, potassium,(K) and selenium(Se) as well.

Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for red blood cell formation.


MEDICINAL USES:

  • Throat gargling with tepid thyme water or drinking few sips of thyme tea may help relieve coughs, sore throat, and bronchitis symptoms. Thyme offers strong antibacterial, antispasmodic, and healing properties, which fight bronchial infections.(A)
  • It helps relieve bronchitis symptoms, break down mucus, and soothe the coughs. Drinking a few cups of warm thyme tea daily to treat bronchitis, relieve a cough, and ease your breathing.
  • In the pharmacy, thyme based formulations have been used as an anti-septic mouthwash in the treatment of caries and gingivitis.

NOTE: Avoid this tasty herb if you take blood clotting medications, and stop taking it 2 weeks before surgery. In some people, it can also cause allergies, and it can cause an estrogen-like effect, so avoid it if you are at risk of hormone-sensitive conditions like ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, breast cancer, or endometriosis.


HEALTH BENEFIT PROFILE

Breath Easier(Se) 

The medical term for shortness of breath is dyspnea. Despite being common, it can be uncomfortable and distressing to experience.  Helped people keep their respiratory system healthy for centuries.  From viruses to allergies—here are several herbal tools that can help you breathe easier. We all know that when we are uptight or stressed our breathing is constricted.  It’s excellent for whooping cough, bronchitis, and asthma. It also soothes a sore throat, so is a great option when hit with a respiratory infection. Put it in an infusion (tea) or inhale the vapors.  We all know that when we are uptight or stressed our breathing is constricted.

Thyme destroys mold spores, and prevents their disastrous effects, like asthma, lung infections, allergies, and blocked airways.

You can make a homemade anti-mold spray, by adding 25 drops of thyme oil to a 16-oz. spray bottle with white vinegar or 3% hydrogen peroxide. Then, spray all over surfaces affected by mold, leave to act for 20 minutes, and wipe with a damp cloth.

Boosts Mood(B2, B6, C) 

Thyme contains carvacrol, a monoterpenoid phenol which acts as a memory booster and an antidepressant.  It has been tested in lab animal models. [1] If mood-modulating neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin in the prefrontal cortex of the animal’s increases, it may hold true for people, then ingesting thyme tea in moderation (2 to 3 cups or so daily) should have a positive effect on feelings of well-being. (2013 study published in the journal Molecules) [2] This compound was found to have positive effects on improving mood if consumed consistently for just 7 days. It does this by increasing levels of both serotonin and dopamine, neurotransmitters involved with regulating motivation, drive and overall mood.

Thyme also appears to have a protective effect of important fats such as omega-3, known to preserve mental wellbeing and our cognitive function well into old age.

Relaxation(B6, E, Ca, Mg, Fe)

Thyme helps minimize stress.

Thyme helps you to relax.

Supports Respiratory Health(A)

Due to its expectorant properties and antibiotic and antiseptic compounds, thyme can provide relief from respiratory conditions like cold, cough and sore throat.[3]

Thyme tea is an incredibly powerful natural remedy in the treatment of respiratory infections. It naturally treats colds and the flu and is effective against multidrug-resistant bacteria. Thyme suppresses coughs, and since it is a natural expectorant, it breaks up mucus and helps its elimination.  It helps reduce congestion, by making mucus thinner and easier to eliminate.

It helps soothe irritated airways, fights infection in the lungs, and prevents bronchial spasms.[4]

Thyme promotes fungal balance.  It is also helpful as a part of a comprehensive strategy for dealing with some types of organisms that are particularly aggressive. Thymol and carvacrol which are resistant to harmful organisms.  Most people with respiratory issues obtain relief from a few cups of warm thyme tea.  Thyme Tea Destroys Strep Throat, Flu Virus, And Fights Respiratory Infections.

Lowers Blood Pressure(K, Se)

Thyme’s high antioxidant content, effectively lowers blood pressure and heart rate, as well as LDL cholesterol, which has been linked to heart disease.  Its active compound, aqueous methanolic extract of aerial parts of Thymus linearis Benth, is possibly responsible for the observed antihypertensive activity. The extract also exhibited a reduction in cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL levels[5]  Carvacrol has demonstrated protective effects for LDL against copper-induced oxidation. The oxidation of LDL cholesterol leads to accumulation along the artery walls.

Thyme contains lots of potassium, which is integral to maintaining normal blood pressure.[6] Use thyme as a substitute for salt in your cooking to help lower your blood pressure.

Complements Antimicrobial Activity of the Immune System(A, C, Fe, Se)

Prevents oxidative damage to DNA in human lymphocytes (white blood cells).[7]

Effective against antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia and pseudomonas bacteria. (2011 bench study journal Medicinal Chemistry)[8]

Improves Oral Health(A, C, Ca)

Thymol is used in dental care products because of its effectiveness against Streptococcus mutans bacterial contribution as a natural ability to prevent tooth decay and gum problems.  (A 2017 study in the German journal Fitoterapia)[9]

It has the power to eliminate oral pathogenic bacteria and other microorganisms, alleviating oral problems like gum inflammation and mouth sores. Rinse your mouth with thyme tea a few times a day.

Bad breath is often caused by bacteria and sometimes fungi in the mouth because of its antibacterial and antifungal action.

1)Boil 1 teaspoon of dried thyme leaves in 1 cup of water for 5 minutes.

2)Strain and allow the liquid to cool to room temperature.

3)Bottle and use it for gargling, 2 or 3 times a day.

Treats Acne and Other Skin Problems(A, C)

Thyme compounds thymol and carvacrol have fungicidal properties, so they destroy fungal pathogens that cause tuberculosis or other pulmonary infections, and the essential oil eliminates the Candida albicans yeast that can infect the gastrointestinal tract.

Thyme is effective in battling the bacteria that cause acne.

Thyme was more effective in treating the acne model than marigold or myrrh (as well as plain alcohol), and also produced better results than benzoyl peroxide at standard concentrations used in over-the-counter acne products for Propionibacterium acnes. (2012 a group of Leeds Metropolitan University researchers at the Society for General Microbiology) Thyme effectively fights acne, by killing off the Propionibacterium acnes strain of bacteria, which also lead to whiteheads, pimples, pustules, and acne cysts.

Thyme has yeast-inhibiting and yeast killing properties.  (2018 journal Molecules)

Thyme essential oil to treat acne breakouts, by adding 10-12 drops of it for every 1 ounce (30 ml) of carrier oil, and apply to the affected area.

Dip a cotton ball in thyme tea, and apply it on the acne. You can also mix this tea with tea tree oil and use it as a facial cleanser to prevent acne breakouts.

1)In the case of vagi*al yeast infections, soak a tampon in a mixture of 3 drops of thyme oil and a tablespoon of liquefied virgin coconut oil

2)Leave it in the vagi*a for an hour.

3)Repeat daily.

Here is a simple way to create a thyme-based skin treatment gel at home:

1)Add 2 or 3 drops of thyme essential oil to 2 tablespoons of aloe vera gel.

2)Apply to the skin and leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes.

3)Do this once daily for a few days to treat acne and fungal outbreaks.  The oil is gentle, so it is usually safe for use for all skin types.

Works as a Natural Mosquito Repellent(B2, C)

Thyme oil repels insect pests such as mosquitoes, fleas, and lice. A 5 percent thyme oil provided a 91 percent protection rate from mosquitoes when applied to the skin of hairless mice.  (2006 study published in the Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association)

A thyme-based insect repellent spray. Here is how: In a 2-ounce empty spray bottle, add

1)1½ tablespoons of distilled water

2)1 teaspoon of carrier oil such as coconut oil or olive oil,

3)1 teaspoon of witch hazel,

4)15-25 drops of thyme essential oil.

5)Shake well before spraying on your skin.[19]

Relieves Muscle Spasms(B6, Fe, Mg, Se)

The plant itself is a good source of magnesium which both prevents and eliminates cramps thanks to its normalizing effect on the function of both muscle and nerves. B6 is important to several chemical reactions in the body, including releasing glucose to muscles.

Polyphenolic compounds, which have anti-inflammatory properties.

Thyme tea is often recommended for treating premenstrual syndrome (PMS) as well as menstrual cramps. Most people find relief by consuming 1 to 4 cups of thyme tea a day.

You can also mix 2 or 3 drops of thyme oil with 2 tablespoons of sesame oil or olive oil, and use the oil blend to massage the affected area to help ease spasms.

Prevents Cancer(A, C, E, Se)

Thyme, of the mint family, doubles up as a natural cancer fighter. As one study found, thyme essential oil was toxic to lung carcinoma, prostate carcinoma (2012 Long island University study), ovarian, brain, mouth, and breast cancer cells (2010 study). Carvacrol, a prominent compound in thyme, may be responsible for this anticancer activity. Carvacrol is demonstrating some excellent early signs of potential and has piqued the interest of the scientific community more than many other natural remedies have managed.

Reduces Inflammation And Pain(C)

When we suffer an injury of some sort, it needs to be mediated by chemical compounds in order for our brains to perceive this pain. One of the main chemical mediators is an enzyme named cyclooxygenase that facilitates localized inflammation in an attempt to quarantine the area of origin.

Thyme is also able to suppress the level of this enzyme (abbreviated as COX) by as much as 80%, greatly reducing the pain and tenderness we feel.

Thyme can either be consumed or made in a topical application and used on the area where you are feeling the pain. This concoction may also be useful for everyday aches and pains, such as muscular and joint pain.
Inflammation and infection can be fought with a poultice of thyme.

1)Use dried thyme and water to make a thick paste.

2)Spread it on a small fabric and apply the herb directly to the affected area.

3)Hold or tie in place.

Digestive Tract Wellbeing

It reduces bloating from malabsorption, can relieve pain, and uncomfortable stomach cramps. Carvacrol can benefit your health is its powerful effect against harmful bacteria. Carvacrol is able to destroy or at least inhibit the growth of numerous known pathogens that can produce dangerous toxins in the stomach. It has the ability to damage the integrity of the bacterial cell membrane which inhibits the effectiveness of the bacteria and prevents it from growing.

Carvacrol helps to balance one’s digestive system is strong and a healthy digestive system is linked to overall well-being and also better immunity. Studies have found that carvacrol was effective in inhibiting between 97 and 100% of harmful pathogens while its effect on probiotic bacteria was only around a 3 to 5% inhibition.

Eat more of it in your daily foods or try a drop or two of Thyme essential oil.

Food Poisoning Protection

Thyme can even take food that is about to go bad and actively kills the bacteria that begins to fester and can cause food poisoning. Thyme, inhibits the growth of Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus two of three common food-poisoning bacteria that have negative effects.  So reasonably, food prepared with thyme has been observed to take longer to go bad.

Did you know that Carvacrol cleans as effectively as Chlorine?  The carvacrol in Thyme interestingly achieved significant reductions in Salmonella, more than chlorine when cleaning raw, uncooked food such as salad veggies contaminated with Salmonella. You can either rinse the raw foods in a thyme solution or include it as part of your mix.

Thyme oil remedy. It is because thyme oil contains antiparasitic and antimicrobial properties which make it highly effective in treating foodborne illness…. In the Home!

How to use?

  • Add a drop of thyme essential oil to a glass of water
  • Mix the contents and drink
  • Consume the mixture one to two times daily to resolve your trouble

In summary, an inclusion and regular use of small amounts of thyme in meals, prevents the development of diseases and conditions such as cold and fungus, diabetes, asthma, bronchitis, gastritis, pneumonia, cancer, cholesterol, rheumatism, tumor, anemia in children, Alzheimer, mood, and offers pain relief.


Thank you so much for taking the time to stop by.  It shows your interest in health or at least your curiosity.  I am truly enjoying learning more about the powerful benefits of the Herbs and Spices we use in our kitchens.  If you enjoyed this post and learning about Thyme, please press the follow button, like it, and share how it helped you.  If you know someone who could be helped by this information please pass it on.  People are destroyed from a lack of knowledge. (Hosea 4:6)  I’d be very grateful if you’d help it spread the word so that more people can live their best life now free and to the fullest.


SOURCES:

Dr. Axe

Nutrition & You

TOP10Homeremedies

Natural Food Series

Pubmed

Healthy Focus

Healthy Food House

 

Rosemary – “dew of the sea”


Rosemary is a woody evergreen native to the Mediterranean and a universal symbol of remembrance used to honor those who have passed on.  Rosemary is a fragrant, perennial herb that belongs to the mint family (Lamiaceae).

Rosemary is usually found growing by the ocean, Rosemary derives from the Latin rosmarinus officinalis and is divided into two parts, with the words “ros” meaning “dew” and “marinus” meaning “sea” – “dew of the sea”.

Rosemary, a very versatile herb, cultures have been incorporated in cultures throughout the world both in the kitchen and medicine cabinet for centuries.  Many cultural traditions surround rosemary.


Here are some of its historical uses:

  • Touted as the herb of fidelity in Elizabethan times and adorning the braids and necks of students looking to boost their memory during exams in ancient Greece, rosemary has always been more than just a culinary herb.
  • Rosemary marked the beginning of a woman’s life as a married woman, it has also marked the end of life.  Shakespeare once proclaimed, “There’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance: pray, love, remember.” Shakespeare’s Juliet was honored at her burial with rosemary for remembrance.  Rosemary is still today regarded as the funeral flower signifying respect and remembrance for the departed.
  • Early Europeans commonly threw sprigs of rosemary into graves as a symbol that the dead would not be forgotten.
  • In ancient Egypt, rosemary was placed in the tomb to remember the dead, used in the bouquets of funeral flowers and even utilized in the embalming practices of that time.
  • Rosemary has long held a prominent role in the wedding ceremony.  Used in weddings to grace the bride’s bouquet, headpiece, and dress. Rosemary was used to helping one remember the wedding vows and to ensure faithfulness. Wedding guests are also given sprigs of rosemary to wear to help them remember the occasion.
  • Working its way into the kitchen, Rosemary became a preferred flavoring for meats.  Before the advent of the refrigerator, rosemary was used as a preservative for meats and other foods.  Because of rosemary’s high anti-oxidant activity, ancients would wrap their meats in crushed rosemary leaves.  The freshness would be preserved and thus the smell and taste would remain pleasant.  Rosemary was also used to control pests such as mosquitos, fleas (the carrier of the plague) and moths.

Medicinal Uses:

Rosemary was another herb that was used throughout Europe during the Black Plague to ward off sickness. It was burned in the house to keep the black plague from entering. Rosemary is still a common ingredient in incense used to cleanse sacred spaces. Ingesting rosemary and/or using its essential oil can offer profound health benefits.

Rosemary is no less important in our culture today, where it is useful in helping us to forget the discomfort of arthritis, muscle aches, and many skin conditions. One day, rosemary may even provide the key to restoring memory loss from Alzheimer’s disease.

Rosemary has potent antioxidant, antiseptic, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and disinfectant properties.  

ANTIOXIDANT:  Rosemary is one of the spices that contain the highest antioxidant properties, all of which can prove effective against fungi, bacteria, and cancer. The flower tops include phenolic antioxidant rosmarinic acid.  They bind to free radicals in the body and prevent cell damage, illness, and disease. Health benefiting volatile essential oils such as cineol, camphene, borneol, bornyl acetate, α-pinene, etc. These compounds are known to have rubefacient (counterirritant), anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-fungal, and antiseptic properties.

Simple teas can be made by boiling two teaspoons of rosemary leaves and leaving them to steep for fifteen minutes.  Enjoyed daily, this tea offers significant antioxidant benefits.

ANTISEPTIC: Rosemary can help disinfect wounds and soothe skin irritations while promoting healing and preventing infection as well.(C)ANTIFUNGAL: The tea can be ingested or it can be used as a wash or douche to treat yeast infections.

ANTIINFLAMMATORY: Fights inflammation in the body and this benefit can be helpful for many conditions including arthritis and certain autoimmune disorders where excessive inflammation is present. Regular use of this herb can minimize the colds and other illnesses and may help lessen the severity when they do occur.

Rosemary contains phytochemicals including rosmarinic acid, betulinic acid, carnosol, and caffeic acid with antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. These compounds play an important role in neutralizing free radicals, which can cause oxidative stress and cellular damage.


Rosemary Nutritional Profile:


TEAS – Rosemary tea is rich in diterpenes, flavonoids, phenolic derivatives, glycosides, and other phytochemicals that give it medicinal properties. The tea aids weight loss, boosts memory, prevents cancer, and aids digestion.

    • You can avoid having to filter the tea by leaving the rosemary needles on the stem.
    • If you choose to use dried rosemary, the rule of thumb is 1 teaspoon per cup of boiling water.
    • Let it steep for 3 to 5 minutes, if you prefer your tea mild and aromatic.
    • It’s best you steep the leaves for up to 10 minutes as it will help draw out more of the healthy oils and nutrients that will maximize the tea’s benefits.

Rosemary tea is a simple preparation that smells of the fresh forest and the sea.


Physiological Health Benefits:

Memory/Brain(B’s, Ca, C, K,)

As a medicinal herb, it has long been recommended for strengthening the brain and memory and and secondary memory factors.  An antioxidant compound, like carnosic acid, has been known to stimulate and protect neural pathways from beta-amyloid plaque. This acid helps safeguard the nervous system by fighting off the brain damage caused by free radicals in the form of oxidative stress and overstimulation of nerve cells.

Rosemary Is For Remembrance – Its long thought ability to increase circulation and strengthen blood vessels has also associated it with memory, remembrance and the heart (love).

Ancient history and mythology, providing clues and hints to its particular value in cognition, memory and enhanced sensorial awareness, and ultimately its sacredness, which literally means “holy,” a word that also shares etymological roots with “whole,” “healthy” and “heal.”

Ancient Greeks revered it for stimulating the brain and assisting memory; Pedanius Dioscorides, a Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist in the time of Nero, wrote about rosemary’s “warming faculty”.  He also  wrote of rosemary:  “the eating of its flower in a preserve comforts the brain, the heart and the stomach; sharpens understanding, restores lost memory, awakens the mind, and in sum is a healthy remedy for various cold ailments of the head and the stomach.”

Rosemary’s power to enhance memory we have a multitude of testimonials. Sir Thomas More, English lawyer, author and statesman wrote, “As for rosmarine, I lette it runne all over my garden walls, not onlie because my bees love it, but because it is the herb sacred to remembrance, and, therefore to friendship ….”
Improve Memory: Mix 3 drops of rosemary oil with 1/2 teaspoon of coconut oil and rub on the upper neck or diffuse for 1 hour a day.

Study better: Are you or your child trying to memorize information for an upcoming test? Diffuse rosemary oil while studying to boost cognitive function and memory.

Dr. Culpepper states, “the (rosemary) water is an admirable cure-all remedy of all kinds of cold, loss of memory, headache, coma.”   It receives and preserves natural heat, restores body function and capabilities, even at late age.  There are not that many remedidies producing that many good effects.” (“Pharmacopeia Londoniensis”, Nicholas Culpepper, 1653).
Students in ancient Greece wore garlands of rosemary around their necks, or braided it into their hair to improve their memory during exams.  Others would place it in their pillow the night before to enhance memory during sleep.

To fight stress and anxiety, add a few drops of rosemary essential oil in an aromatherapy diffuser or vaporizer.

Place it in your bedroom at a safe distance, so that the calming vapors can help induce a deep and peaceful slumber.

Researchers have discovered that certain phytochemicals in the herb prevent the degradation of acetylcholine, an important brain chemical needed for normal neurotransmission. rosemary has demonstrated a potential for protecting certain parts of the brain from tissue damage such as ischemic injury, healing nervous tissues, and averting blood clots.

Tea stimulates the circulatory system because it has anti-coagulant properties, similar to aspirin which improves the flow of blood.  This produces energy and improves the body’s ability to repair and oxygenate the extremities.

Enhance Your Memory

            • Breathe in the aroma of rosemary oil by adding 2 or 3 drops of this oil to your handkerchief or room diffuser.
            • You can also start drinking rosemary tea made from fresh or dried leaves. To make the tea, add 1 or 1½ teaspoons of the herb to 1 cup of hot water, cover it, and let it steep for 5 minutes.

Facilitates Blood Flow

            • Drink rosemary tea on a regular basis to promote circulation.
            • If you frequently suffer from cold limbs due to poor circulation, massage the affected limbs with rosemary-infused oil.

Headache

            • Simply massage your forehead and temples with a few drops of rosemary oil mixed in 1 tablespoon of carrier oil.
            • A cup of rosemary tea has been equated to taking an aspirin for minor aches and pains. Simply place a few fresh-picked sprigs in the bottom of a cup, add hot water, cover and steep for 10-15 minutes, strain and enjoy.

Anemia(Fe,B12,B9)

An increase in hemoglobin is one of the rosemary herb benefits because this plant is an excellent source of iron. This nutrient is essential for hemoglobin.

Arthritis(Mg,Cu)

Insulation – Carnosic acid fights inflammation in the body and this benefit can be helpful for many conditions including arthritis and certain autoimmune disorders where excessive inflammation is shown to reduce nitric acid that is a big trigger for inflammation.  With other antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, ease suffering from arthritis, headaches, muscle pain, joint disorders, hemorrhoids, and hypersensitivity to allergens.

Rosemary tea is also touted in Blanckes’ Herbal “for much worth against all evils of the body”. Among medicinal benefits claimed to include a topical application for gout; “if thy legs be blown with the gout, boil the leaves (rosemary) in water and then take the leaves and bind them in a linen cloth about thy legs, and it shall do much good.”

Treat muscle soreness

            • Make 1 to 2 cups of rosemary tea, soak a washcloth in it, and place the washcloth on the affected area for 10 to 15 minutes. Do this a few times daily to treat muscle soreness.
            • For arthritic pain, warm 2 tablespoons of olive oil in a microwave for a few seconds. Mix 2 to 3 drops of rosemary oil in it. Massage the affected area with this oil for 5 minutes. Repeat 2 to 3 times daily until you get relief.

Chronic Pain(Mg, Cu, B1, B12, C,)

Pain-relieving properties are largely the result of salicylate and compound similar to aspirin.  Whether you are recovering from an illness, surgery or injury or chronic pain, Rosemary tea can help relieve these symptoms.

Massaging the oil of rosemary into joints effectively eases arthritic or rheumatic pain.  Queen Elizabeth of Hungary was reputedly cured of semi-paralysis when she sipped a concoction of rosemary to ease her painful joints.

Stimulates Hair Growth(A, B9, B12, B5, C, Mg, Fe)

Stimulate hair growth by potentially improving blood circulation to the scalp, which allows more nutrients to reach the hair follicles. Carnosic acid, which helps reverse tissue and nerve damage. On account of this healing activity, rosemary may prove effective in rejuvenating nerves in the scalp too, in turn restoring hair growth and is well-known for its abilities to thicken as well.

Use Rosemary tea to scrub the scalp and hair to improve the nutrient content of the hair and also getting rid of dandruff.  Its antibacterial properties can keep skin problems away and protect against hair loss.


Restoring hair growth

            • Alternatively, add a few drops of rosemary essential oil to warm olive or coconut oil and massage your scalp with it 2 or 3 times a week. You can even add a few drops of rosemary essential oil to your shampoo before washing your hair.
            • Add a handful of fresh rosemary to 2 to 3 cups of hot water and let it steep for 15 minutes. Remove the herb and let the liquid cool down. Use it as a hair rinse few times a week.

Promotes Skin Health(A, C)

Rosemary contains antibacterial and antimicrobial agents to treat a variety of skin disorders, including dandruff.  Where the blood flows and anti-inflammatory properties are combined, affect the skin’s ability to eliminate eczema and improve the skin’s appearance. Studies of Rosemary’s potential anti-cancer effects indicate that its compounds inhibit carcinogenic chemicals from binding to cellular DNA.  Rosemary helps promote skin cell regeneration and wards off the harmful free radicals that are at the base of premature skin aging.

Blanckes’ Herbal states, “washe thy face therwith . . . thou shalt have a fayre face.”  “Smell it and it shall preserve thy youthe.  “And, remember Markham; “Rosemary “cleanseth away the spots of the face, . . . it maketh a man look young.”

Gervase Markham (1568-1637) an English writer and poet wrote about Rosemary.  Rosemary water (the face washed therein both morning and night) causeth a fair and clear contenance.” And, “when one maketh a bath of this decoction, it is called the bath of life, the same drink comforteth the heart, the brain, and the whole body, and cleanseth away the spots of the face; it maketh a man look young . . .”

Include Rosemary in your life and stimulate and awaken the Sleeping Beauty in you.

Combat wrinkles

        • Take equal parts of geranium, sandalwood, lavender, frankincense, rosemary, and lemon essential oils, and mix them well.
        • Dilute the concoction as needed and use it topically to banish wrinkles.

Eye serum

        • Combine almond oil with 12 drops each of rosemary and lavender essential oils, and mix them well.
        • Empty the healing tonic into a roller bottle to apply it on puffy or red skin under the eyes.

Simultaneously, rosemary essential oil will put its strong anti-inflammatory agents, namely caffeic and rosmarinic acid, to good use and reduce the swollen puffiness.

Caution: Do not apply this blend on top of your eyelids as it can trickle or seep into your eyes and can cause irritation or more serious retinal damage.

Good Oral Hygiene(A, B2, C, Fe, Ca, Mg, P, K)

The tea can be used to disinfect mouth wounds for good oral hygiene and fresh breath.

Prevents High Blood Sugar

Drink a cup of rosemary tea daily.

 

Caution: Always consult your physician before drinking this tea, and make sure you keep monitoring your blood sugar levels thereafter. Also, starting this adjunctive remedy doesn’t mean you can take your doctor-prescribed meds less seriously. Strictly adhere to the drug routine stipulated by your doctor.

Anxiety/Stress/Depression(A, B2, B6, C, Mg

Rosemary’s nervine properties and analgesic properties of salicylate soothe anxiety and stress and help people to relax and promote calm.

Rosemary tea has diterpenes that inhibit neuronal cell death and exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, antidepressant, and anxiolytic (anxiety) properties. Hence, having rosemary tea can help decelerate the loss of memory and disability.

 

Liver Function(A, B2, B6, C, Ca, Fe)

The liver is perhaps one of the most vital organs in the body, which is accorded the bulk of the responsibility when it comes to detoxifying our system. Improve the health and function of your liver and detoxify the body by stimulating urination and relieve strain on a number of organ systems.

The liver takes a very long time to recuperate as it is one of the slowest organs to heal.  Rosemary, however, can help in this regard as it has been linked to lowering the risk of cirrhosis and expediting liver recovery. Another liver-protective property associated with this herb is that it reduces plasma liver enzymes, which may cause type 2 diabetes.

Carnosol content has been proven effective in staving off liver tissue distortion, and it’s also thought to prevent depletion of liver glycogen, the energy storage molecules.

Drink a cup of rosemary tea daily. However, always consult your physician before starting with this complementary intake.

Cancer(A, C)

Packed with antioxidants it seeks out to neutralize free radicals, natural by-products that can cause cellular mutations, cancer, and apoptosis (cell death).  Rosmarinic acid, caffaic acid, carnosol, I’ll have been linked to reducing cancer growth rates, particularly breast cancer.  In the journal Nutrients in 2016 notes that rosemary extract has been shown to exhibit anti-cancer properties in vitro for the following cancers:

        • Colon cancer
        • Pancreatic cancer
        • Breast cancer
        • Prostate cancer
        • Ovarian cancer
        • Cervical cancer
        • Bladder cancer
        • Liver cancer
        • Lung cancer

In other words, carnosol acts like a military sniper who only takes out his enemy target and doesn’t damage neighboring cells, unlike the chemotherapy nuclear-bomb approach that kills everything along its path.

Digestive Aid(Fiber)

Rosemary is composed of more than one-third fiber, so this herb can be beneficial to intestinal health. Rosemary is a supreme digestive aide. As a tonic and bitter, it supports our ability to digest large proteins, such as those found in meat, dairy, and grain.

A cup of rosemary tea just before you eat, or just after, will do a world of good for those who suffer from bloating, blood sugar issues, gas, and pain in their digestive tract.

The anti-spasmodic and carminative substances that are useful for improving indigestion, constipation, bloating, and cramping.  A tea made with Rosemary has been used to clear up digestive issues for generations and can improve nutrient uptake by relieving inflammation in the gut.

Prevention of Birth Defects(B’s)

The nutrients in this herb are one of the top rosemary herb benefits and they can help prevent birth defects. Rosemary has high levels of folate, which is essential for developing babies. A deficiency of this nutrient can cause birth defects.

Caution: Medicinal intake of rosemary can prove dangerous for pregnant women because it might stimulate menstruation or adversely affect the uterus, inducing a miscarriage.

Improved Vision(A,C)

Good vision requires an adequate amount of this vitamin that rosemary supplies.

Published in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, the study highlighted the ability of carnosic acid, a major component of rosemary, to significantly promote eye health.

Protects Against Macular Degeneration(A,C)

Add rosemary to your food as a spice or administer 30-40 drops of high-quality organic rosemary extract to your eyes 2-5 times a day.


Thank you so much for taking the time to stop by.  It shows your interest in health or at least your curiosity.  I am truly enjoying learning more about the powerful benefits of the Herbs and Spices we use in our kitchens.  If you enjoyed this post and learning about Rosemary, please press the follow button, like it, and share how it helped you.  If you know someone who could be helped by this information please pass it on. People are destroyed from a lack of knowledge. (Hosea 4:6)  I’d be very grateful if you’d help it spread the word so that more people can live their best life now free and to the fullest.


 

 

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Nutmeg – The Unsavory History of a Tasty Spice

nutmegToday, we take spices for granted. Every kitchen has a spice rack or a well-stocked pantry because every grocery store has a wide variety of spices to choose from at very reasonable prices. But spice prices weren’t so reasonable in the 17th century.

Well, in those days nutmeg didn’t grow just anywhere.  Nutmeg was so highly valued that there was even counterfeiting. Less-than-virtuous traders would whittle down ordinary wood and polish it until it resembled a nutmeg seed.  Have you ever hear of the Nutmeg State?

Nutmeg is one of those fragrant flavor enhancers, that was once a rare, costly spice, so much so that wars broke out over it, leading to a tragic and bloody history. Tens of thousands of people have died in the pursuit of this little brown seed, nutmeg, reducing the population from 15,000 to 600.

Before we get into the benefits of this highly prized spice, let’s learn about its volatile history.

Nutmeg has been one of the saddest stories of history.


THE NUTMEG WARS

Nutmeg is indigenous to the volcanic soils of the Banda Islands, a group of islands in Indonesia.

By the Middle Ages, wealthy people in Europe knew about nutmeg and coveted it for its medicinal properties. Europeans believed that nutmeg had the power to ward off viruses like the common cold; they even thought that it could prevent the bubonic plague. As a result, the spice was worth more than its weight in gold.

Today, the Island of Run has a population of about 1,000 people. And much like TV’s “Gilligan’s Island,” there are no phones, no motorcars. And lights? They’re only on for a few hours every evening. After that, the power grid is shut down island-wide.

Many traders wanted to find the mysterious “Spice Islands” of Indonesia where nutmeg was grown. In 1512, the Spanish finally discovered the location in the Banda Islands where all the world’s nutmeg grew.  At that time, nutmeg was worth a lot of money, and whoever had the Banda Islands, the only place where it grew, had a monopoly on the spice.  In 1621 the Dutch swept in and took over. In order to monopolize on the spice, all exported nutmeg seeds were drenched with lime to make sure there was no chance a fertile nut would find its way off the islands.   In 1667, the Dutch traded Manhattan to the British for a small Pacific island named Run/Rhun (Roon).  Run is barely seen on the map and was one of the Banda Islands in the Spice Islands archipelago and was where the nutmeg trees grew.   

Initially, the Dutch wanted to get around America to Asia — and all its spices. Of all the high-demand, low-supply, overpriced spices, nutmeg was king. It was the most precious spice on earth from kingdom to kitchen.  The Dutch wanted total control of the lucrative nutmeg trade and they were willing to give up New Amsterdam (Manhattan), their backwater town in the New World, for it. Local Bandanese call this trade the “Manhattan Transfer.” The Dutch got what they wanted. The Treaty of Breda, in 1667, the English intended on securing their hold over every nutmeg island. The Dutch offered a trade, by giving the island of Manhattan, which is how New Amsterdam became New York.  James II the Duke of York, personally led the English attack on New Amsterdam.  So, New York is New York and not New Amsterdam because of the wars won and lost due to this spice.

In 1770, A Frenchman Pierre Poivre (Peter Pepper), smuggled nutmeg trees out of the Banda Islands and successfully transplanted them in the French colony of Mauritius off the coast of East Africa, creating competition for the nutmeg trade.

THEN, disaster struck In 1778, a volcanic eruption caused a tsunami that wiped out many of the nutmeg groves in the Banda Islands. In 1809, the English reclaimed the Banda Islands but in 1817 returned them to the Dutch AFTER transplanting hundreds of nutmeg seedlings to their own colonies.

Banda nutmeg is still considered the finest nutmeg in the world, although it is grown in other places.


Nutmeg comes from a tall evergreen.  Nutmeg is a seed not a nut and is used as a spice in various cuisines in the world. It brings sweetness to the foods. The seed can also enhance the taste of food and make the food more aromatic with just a small amount of it.  Nutmeg is made from the seed of the nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans. The spice trade began in the Middle East more than 4,000 years ago, when Chinese, Persian, Malay, and Arab traders brought spices to Europe.

  • Historically, grated nutmeg was used as a sachet, and the Romans used it as incense.
  • Nutmeg was prized by the European aristocracy who used it for seasoning, medicine, and to preserve meat.
  • Ladies wore nutmeg sachets around their necks and men put it into their snuff. Everyone used it to combat the plague.
  • Just in our very recent past, NUTMEG was named the Herb of the Month in November of this year, 2019, by the Herb Society of America’s.

nutmeg; maceInteresting Facts

The first fact is that the spice trade was the primary driver of the global economy.

Nutmeg was the favored spice in Europe. Aside from adding flavor to food and drinks, its aromatic qualities worked wonders to disguise the stench of decay in poorly preserved meats, always a problem in the days before refrigeration.

Nutmeg is an unusual spice.  It is a twin spice.  But, it is more than just a spice.  It has a red membrane, which enwraps the shiny dark nutmeg shell, is known as mace, nutmeg’s twin spice.  The outer lace-like covering of the nutmeg seed is dried and ground.  Mace is used both as a spice and as a weapon to ward of predators.

No part of the nutmeg is ever wasted including the shell, which is used as flower bed mulch and for covering garden plants.


Nutmeg vs Mace – What’s the difference?

Culinary Uses – Nutmeg is considerably more fragrant and sweeter, while mace has a lighter flavor.

Nutmeg is used more to flavor many kinds of baked goods, confections, puddings, potatoes, meats, sausages, sauces, vegetables, curries, and such beverages as eggnog.

Mace has fewer of the same compounds and is more delicate and milk base dishes. It is used more for pastries and old fashioned donuts, eggs, fish dishes.  It has more vitamin C, copper, and magnesium than its twin, nutmeg.

Mace as a weapon – In 1786, Mace is an ancient weapon, formerly much used by cavalry of all nations

  • A common name for some types of tear gas.
  • By extension, a common name for some types of pepper spray.
  • By generalization, a name for personal tear gas and pepper spray.

Why was nutmeg so valuable?

Four hundred years ago, nutmeg was the most valuable commodity in the world, owing to its potent medicinal properties. The sweet, fragrant aroma of nutmeg is the result of a combination of essential oils, notably myristicin, elemicin, eugenol, safrole, pinene, camphene, dipentene, cineol, linalool, and terpineol.

Medicinal Uses

  • Include treatment for diarrhea and gas and a topical treatment for pain. In the mid-1300’s it was thought to combat the Black Death.
  • In 16th century London, for example, its price skyrocketed after doctors recommended it as a cure for the bubonic plague. Ladies carried nutmeg sachets around their necks to breathe through and avoid the pestilence of the air.
  • China dates back to the 5th century and was considered beneficial to the digestive system.
  • Sri Lanka and Indonesia and are currently in the British Herbal Pharmacopoeia for rheumatism, nausea, diarrhea, flatulent dyspepsia and dysentery.  An ointment of nutmeg butter has been used as a counterirritant and in the treatment of rheumatism.
  • The seed contains anti-fungal, anti-infectious and anti-bacterial agents as well as volatile and non-volatile oil.
  • Many arthritis sufferers use nutmeg oil and it has been used for years in the West Indies as a treatment for malaria, asthma, and pneumonia.

VITAMIN AND MINERAL COMPOSITION

Nutmeg is rich in dietary minerals including B group vitamins as well as essential oils with anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor as well as antioxidant properties.  The portion of nutrients in the nutmeg is considered one of the highest portions among all types of nuts.


PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS

1.  Improves Sharpness of the Brain(B5, Me, VC)

It has neuroprotective properties. Myristicin in nutmeg aids in improving memory by stimulating and preserving the neural pathways in the brain. It improves concentration and the ability to focus. Furthermore, it inhibits an enzyme that contributes to Alzheimer’s disease. It reduces mental exhaustion by stimulating the nerves in the brain, therefore removing stress and mental exhaustion leaving you feeling energized throughout the day.

In fact, ancient Romans and Greek civilizations used the seed as a tonic for the brain and drank it to prepare for mental challenges.

2.  Improves Brain Health(Me, B1,2,3,6,7,9, VC)

Neuroprotective properties myristicin, eugenol, and elemicin, all helped increase the levels of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine in the hippocampus of the rats. The hippocampus is the organ located in the brain that is mainly associated with memory and spatial navigation, which is the part of memory responsible for recording and retrieving all the information in the brain.

Oils in nutmeg have a therapeutic effect on the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease.  

3. Has a calming ability(Mg,K, Me, VC)

Nutmeg oil is known to have a calming effect and is commonly used to help relax muscles. The compounds myristicin and elemicin in nutmeg provide mild sedative and anti-anxiety benefits by activating the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine in the brain, in addition, chronic nervous problems.  Myristicin provides medicinal properties. In fact, when taken in large enough doses nutmeg is a hallucinogen, thanks to a psychoactive chemical called myristicin, which is related to mescaline and amphetamine.

It also works as an adaptogen that helps the body and mind to cope with stress. Thus, nutmeg provides the dual advantage of lowering your blood pressure in times of stress and lifting your spirits when you are feeling down.

Inhaling nutmeg oil serves as one of the most useful natural home remedies for stress, anxiety,
and depression
.

4.  Relieves Insomnia(Mg, VC)

Magnesium, in Nutmeg, is able to reduce nerve tension and stimulate the secretion of the hormone serotonin. This hormone helps us to feel relaxed and can also be converted into another hormone called melatonin. Melatonin is the hormone that is responsible for making us feel tired and calm and can help make sure we get a good night’s sleep.

1/4 tsp. of freshly ground nutmeg to warm water or milk to help you sleep.

5. Relieve nausea(Mg)

In addition, it relieves nausea and prevents vomiting.

6. Improves blood circulation(K, Na, VC)

It has a relaxing aroma that comforts the body, and improves blood circulation and lowers blood pressure for people with heart problems. Powdered nutmeg might also help to relieve heart problems.

7. Eases muscle and joint pain(K, VC)

Nutmeg has anti-inflammatory properties, myristicin, elemicin and eugenol, helps relieve joint and muscle pains. The oil is applied on the affected part for immediate relief, removing stress and relaxing the body.  Itis an ingredient in cough syrups and cold drops and treating asthma. Nutmeg really does have chemical constituents that make you feel good and can help warm us up and even help us fight off head colds and stomachaches.

8.  Promotes Tooth Health(Ca, Mg, VC, Me)

Nutmeg has antibacterial properties, myristic acid and trimyristin found in nutmeg, exhibited good antibacterial activity and with the potential to inhibit the activity of bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis that causes periodontitis and Streptococcus mutans that are associated with tooth decay. Eugenol has been used in dental offices as toothache relief.

The methanol extract found in nutmeg has anti-cariogenic properties and helps prevent tooth decay and dental caries. Macelignan, another antibacterial agent found in this spice, also helps inhibit the activity of bacteria that cause the cavity.

9.  Offers Liver and Kidney Protection(Mg, VC)

Nutmeg offers the much-needed support to reduce the toxic burden of the Liver and Kidney’s to ensure they optimally function well.  Through the rich compound called myrislignan, enzymes are activated to help remove toxins from the Liver and Kidney and dissolves stones naturally. Magnesium that is present in Nutmeg also helps to detoxify cells and metals from the body.

10. Aids in Digestion(Mg, VC)

Nutmeg has various beneficial properties for your digestive tract.  

  • Its fibers could help to promote the digestive process by inducing the peristaltic contraction of the intestinal smooth muscles, preventing the common digestive discomfort of constipation.
  • Secondly, it could also stimulate the secretion of digestive enzymes and numerous gastric, intestinal juices. As a result, it could improve the chronic digestive problems that you have been facing for a long time such as alleviating diarrhea, preventing flatulence, and stomach gas.
  • If you are suffering from nausea, indigestion, vomiting or even bloating, nutmeg is definitely a perfect natural home remedy for you to eliminate these annoying diseases.

Nutmeg added to desserts and milk is beneficial for indigestion and flatulence.  Also, it helps get rid of gas from the body and is used to treat several stomach diseases such as indigestion and stomach ulcers. It can also aid in managing symptoms of Crohn’s disease.

Mixing powdered nutmeg with banana or apple juice can be used as a herbal therapy for diarrhea. Also, a mixture of nutmeg with amla juice can relieve morning sickness and hiccups. Amla is an Indian Gooseberry, also called Awla or Amla excellent source of Vitamin C and contains 20 times the vitamin C in an orange.

One drop of Nutmeg essential oil in 8 oz of water may help with digestive and stomach issues. 

 

11.  Improves Skin(B5, Cu, VC)

Nutmeg has long been used in herbal medicine as a treatment to sustain skin health and appearance.  It is useful in curing skin issues such as Eczema and Acne.  It not only helps prevent acne; but, if you have any scars left by acne on your face, a tablespoon of nutmeg oil could help you in this case.

Beauty Tips:

  Try leaving a paste mixture of 2 Tbsp of Nutmeg powder, 2 Tbsp. honey, 2 Tbsp. Cinnamon on the inflammatory area on your skin once a day for several days. After 30 minutes, you can wash it off with lukewarm water.

  1 Tbsp. Nutmeg powder, 1 Tbsp. Coconut Milk – Apply to skin.  Leave for 30 minutes.  Wash off with cold water

12.  Boosts Immunity(Zn, Me, VC, Fe, K, Ca)

Nutmeg is rich in potassium, calcium, iron, and manganese that play a key role in improving your body’s immunity.

WARNING: If you take it in excess, it would be toxic even and might cause irregular heart rhythms (palpitations), intense nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, and dry mouth as side effects.  For this reason, it is advisable to take small doses in order to avert possible complications and stay within a half of teaspoon of nutmeg powder a day.  In addition, it can lead to psychoactive effects and cause some problems such as hallucinations, narcotic effects or even agitation. It does not stop there, a huge unnecessary amount of nutmeg consumed also could lead to 


RECIPES:  It is better to get the seed of nutmeg and freshly grate/grind it because the flavors are lost very quickly.

TEA:  1 cups hot water, 1/3 cup of your choice of milk, 1/4 tsp Nutmeg, 1 tea bag

EGGNOG:  1 1/2 cup Unsweetened Almond Milk, 2 Soaked Medjool Dates, 1/2 tsp. Vanilla Extract, 1/4 Cinnamon, 1/8 tsp. Nutmeg, Pinch of Cloves, Pinch of Pink Himalayan Salt, 2 medium frozen ripe bananas.  Blend all in blender


IN SUMMARY

Nutmeg contains an incredible array of nutritional benefits relieve pain, ease indigestion, improve brain function, detoxify the body, boost the quality of skin, improve mouth problems, improve sleep, strengthen immune system, prevent some problems of blood and also improve blood circulation. and provides antifungal, antidepressant, and gas-inhibitive functions.

Different constituents of essential oils contained in nutmeg may affect pregnant and lactating mothers differently, but some of these effects may really be dangerous for the baby and the mother. So, you should specifically ask your gynecologist and pediatrician about the safety of nutmeg during pregnancy and for sure moderation.

Although this small nut has numerous benefits for human health in all terms, you still have to control the amount of nutmeg you consume daily.  Always remember that spices and herbs are best consumed in limited amounts.  They are powerful medicine and must be respected.


Thank you so much for taking the time to stop by.  It shows your interest in health or at least your curiosity.  I must say I really enjoyed learning more about Nutmeg.   If you enjoyed this post and learning about Nutmeg, please press the follow button, like it, and share how it helped you.  If you know someone who could be helped by this information please pass it on. People are destroyed from a lack of knowledge. (Hosea 4:6)  I’d be very grateful if you’d help it spread the word so that more people can live their best life now free and to the fullest.


 

 

  1. Thought Co. Szczepanski, Kallie. “Nutmeg: The Unsavory History of a Tasty Spice.” ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2018, thoughtco.com/nutmeg-the-unsavory-history-195274.
  2. Herb Society of America
  3. Neatorama
  4. Britannica
  5. Benefit Of
  6. Organic Facts
  7. GNCA Nutmeg
  8. NCBI.NLM.NIH.GOV
  9. Top10HomeRemedies

Kiwi

                                           

Kiwi                 

The “strawberry peach”

Did you know that Vitamin C levels in Kiwi fruit outshine oranges.  Kiwi are considered a superfood because they are a high-antioxidant food. High-antioxidant foods behave like self-sacrificing soldiers to “calm the fires” in our immune system.  Cellular damage (an internal rusting of tissues) occurs when these soldiers lose control.

1. Incredible Source of Antioxidant-Powered Vitamin C and E

(1) The Vitamin C provides help in repairing and maintaining a number of body tissues and systems.
(2) Kiwi vitamin E content is fat-free and a strong component in lowering cholesterol and fighting free radicals.
(3) Kiwi fruit is also rich in polyphenols that stimulate protective activity for a strong immune system response.

2. Counteracts Aging and Improves Skin Health
(1)  Collagen is the most abundant protein in our bodies and the building block that maintains the skin, muscles, bones and tendons. These four building blocks break down as we age and are dependent on vitamin C. Polysaccharides, a carbohydrate of many combined sugars types, are in kiwi fruit and able to double collagen synthesis in the body.  Collagen also reduces cellulite and stretch marks.
(2)  Kiwi is also host to a carotenoid an antioxidant called lutein, “the eye vitamin,” is incredibly beneficial to skin health by protecting the skin from UV light.

3. Improves Respiratory Health
Kiwifruit and other fruits high in vitamin C content have been used successfully to treat a number of respiratory illnesses. Both adults and children suffering from asthma and other respiratory illnesses and infections after adding showed beneficial reactions when kiwifruit is added to their diets. Kiwi is able to enhance the vitamin C concentration in the body, which was able to reduce the symptoms of wheezing, head congestion and duration of sore throat.

4. Good for Vision and Prevention of Eye Disease
(1) Kiwifruit has 171 milligrams of lutein in one large fruit, which is substantially higher than almost any other fruit.  This offers substantial eye protection by filtering out damaging short-wavelength UV light.
(2) Kiwifruit has a great supply of another carotenoid, Vitamin A, which is also largely beneficial to optimum eye health.

5. Aids in Digestion
Don’t throw again the skin. The kiwifruit skin is completely edible and makes this nutrient-dense fruit even more nutritious! A recent study shows that eating the skin triples the fiber intake compared to merely eating the flesh. And by not peeling the skin, you preserve much of the vitamin C content as well.  Kiwi has shown promise as a treatment of bowel and digestive disorders such as reducing complications related to irritable bowel syndrome as well as inflammatory bowel disease. Kiwi’s antioxidant action that “calms the fires” and high fiber content, overall improvements have been seen in bowel function.

6. Improves the Cardiovascular System
(a) Kiwifruit is a heart-healthy superstar. One kiwi a day can provide a lower risk of stroke, blood clots and cardiovascular diseases.
(b) Kiwifruit helps lower blood pressure, counteract sodium in the body and is a vasodilator, relaxing the blood vessels throughout the body. The fiber found in Kiwi is also very heart-healthy, along with vitamin K, which is able to prevent the buildup of calcium in the arteries and therefore able to reduce the risk for heart attacks.
(c) Kiwifruit has the ability to lower triglyceride level by 15 percent for those who consumed it.
(d) Kiwifruit is also a great source of omega-3’s, magnesium, vitamin E and copper, all of which help keep the cardiovascular system working properly.

7. Bone Maintenance and Repair
Kiwi fruit’s substantial supply of Vitamin K is needed in your body for more than just healthy arteries. Vitamin K is needed to use calcium to make bones. Improve bone health and reduce the risk of bone-related injuries and diseases like osteoporosis by consuming Kiwi.

8. Serotonin Puts Sleep Problems to Bed
(a) Surprise! The Serotonin content in kiwi may be why the fruit has a long-running reputation for its sleep-aiding abilities. The serotonin in kiwifruit has been shown to increase sleep time and sleep efficiency by 13 percent and 5 percent, respectively, so if you can’t sleep, Kiwi may help.
(b) There is also evidence to suggest serotonin may also helps boost memory and mood and can even help with depression.  A good nights sleep also contributes to helping these conditions.

9. Anticancer Effects
(a) Kiwi has been used for treating ailments like joint pain, bladder stones, and cancers of the liver and esophagus. Both the fruit and roots of kiwi have proven inhibitory effects on human liver, lung and colon cancer cell growth.
(b) The polysaccharide content and the abundance of antioxidants found in kiwi nutrition have shown anti-tumor and reduction of cancer cells.

10. Anti-fungal and Anti-bacterial Capabilities
(a) Both green and golden kiwifruit has shown anti-fungal and antibacterial capabilities in several studies. The most antibiotic activity has been found in the seeds, which are commonly consumed with the fruit because of their small size.
(b) The golden kiwi fruit contains a protein called actinchinin (a novel anti fungal protein from the gold kiwi fruit) which is suggested as the origin of its anti-fungal capabilities.  Green kiwi contains thaumatin-like anti fungal protein.Potential Side Effects of Kiwi
Kiwi fruit allergy is very common and responsible for 10 percent of all food allergy reactions in children.

Sources:
Dr. Axe

“Let food be thy medicine, and medicine be thy food.” Hippocrates
Promoting a lifestyle of preventative care!
WELLNESS PRINCIPAL:  Health comes from within.  You cannot buy it in a bottle.
          Please visit Catherine’s Pinterest boards by clicking this link:  Catherine’s Place.   There, you will find a variety of healthy sources, natural solutions, recipes, God’s Creation, and SO MUCH MORE.  Grab yourself a healthy snackmake yourself comfortable, and take time to browse through the wealth of information and be not only inspired but uplifted.

Yellow, The Vision Vitamin

I start this Color Me Beautiful series with the color yellow.

Yellow is the most visible color and is the first color the human eye notices!  Yellow’s stimulating nature and high visibility to the eye is the reason why many road signs are bold yellow (contrasted by black text).  This is another reason why restaurants use the color yellow in their signs.  It is known to stimulate appetite and triggers the feelings of happiness and friendliness, warm like the sun.  Maybe this is why we feel so good when the sun is out.

th-9Likewise, I hope this Color Me Beautiful series stimulates you to introduce and increase your plate with more of the colors of the rainbow.
Imagine with me why certain fast food places use yellow and red colors;  Take Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), McDonald’s, Burger King and the other fast food establishments in the image on the left for instance.  These colors are just one marketing ploy that are eye-catching and get your attention to roll in to their establishment for that quick fast food.  Why not stick with real fast yellow food?  Here are some really good reasons why?

Yellows come from The Latin word Lutein lutes means “yellow”.

This plant chemical is geared to protect the eyes by modulating light energy.  The yellow color of the human macula lutea (literally, yellow spot) in the retina
(from Latin rēte, meaning “net”) of the eye is the third and inner coat of the eye which is a light-sensitive layer of tissue. results from the lutein and zeaxanthin it contains.

Lutein nicknamed “the eye vitamin,” is a carotenoid antioxidant phytonutrient (plant nutrient), which ranges from yellow to red pigments.  It is an essential nutrient for normal vision.

Eye protection – The central part of the retina, called the macula, contains macular pigments in which lutein is concentrated. The yellow coloured pigments protect the retina from damage of the photo-oxidative affect of high-energy light.

Heart health – Lutein can also reduce the risk for artery diseases. Studies have shown that persons with the highest lutein intake showed the lowest artery wall thickening.

Skin protection – Lutein can also reduce the risk of skin cancer and sunburn.

Digestion – Yellow foods are associated with digestion.  Proper digestion allows for the absorption and assimilation of nutrients, so your body can function and carry out the countless chemical reactions it needs to on an ongoing basis. Nutrients from foods you eat provide your body with the energy it needs to run, walk, eat, breathe, and read these words. When the process of digestion is impaired, nutrient imbalance and deficiency can result, leaving your body without the fuel it needs to function properly. Over time, there can be downstream effects of ill health such as lowering your risk for developing heart disease, diabetes, constipation, and colon cancer..

Carotene is a pigment that absorbs blue and indigo light, and that provides rich yellows and oranges.

benefits-of-lutein-and-zeaxanthinLutein and Zeaxanthin (fat soluble) are carotenoids that are found in relatively high concentrations in the retina.  Lutein’s yellow color blocks blue (UV) light from absorption.  Because the macula is yellow in colour it absorbs excess blue and ultraviolet light that enter the eye, and acts as a natural sunblock (analogous to sunglasses) for this area of the retina.  Both Lutein and Zeaxanthin helps protect the eye from ultra-violet (UV) damage, and prevents free-radical damage to the retina and the lens of the eye that is associated with diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, cataracts, and glaucoma.  Studies have also indicated that lutein improves heart health, protects our skin against UV damage, reduces diabetes induced oxidative stress, and possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.  Lutein and zeaxanthin are found in the liver, ovaries, pancreas, kidneys, spleen, testes, adrenals, and many eye tissues.

002f0eccb487f585c82aa61ff8e6be0cYellow foods are commonly considered the eyesight foods because they contain vitamin A. Beta-carotene, which can be converted into vitamin A, is a component of these foods as well.   Since eyesight is dependent on the presence of vitamin A, it is considered the “vision vitamin.”  Our eyes use the yellow pigment lutein as an antioxidant, especially in the macula, in the center of the retina at the back of the eye contains a lot of lutein.  This protects the eyes from the UV sunlight rays.    It also also seems to lower the risk of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD).  Vitamin A also help strengthen your immune system and prevent infections like the common colds. Moreover, this nutrient is also one of the best substances that can help you age gracefully.  In addition, they may have high levels of vitamin C, and some contain omega-3 fatty acids according to Kasik-Miller, a clinical dietitian at Sacred Heart Hospital in Eau Claire, Wisconsin.

…Natural Sunblock (think yellow/orange-red like the sun) The yellow pigment, lutein, is also known to absorb excess light energy to prevent damage to plants from too much sunlight.  Our skin uses the yellow pigment lutein to recharge the antioxidants that protect the glands that make the oily lubricant that keeps the skin supple and wrinkle-free.  If we consume our leafy greens and other yellow pigment foods, these protective antioxidants protect our skin from oxidative damage.  This is why our ancestors most likely did not use sunscreen lotions.  Antioxidants reduce the risk of many health problems associated with aging, including heart disease, cancer, arthritis, diabetes, cataracts and macular degeneration, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and others.

Avoid-sunburn-and-tan-more-easily-by-eating-real-food
Click image to follow link

Sunlight is very important for our skin.  Americans tend to be deficient in Vitamin D3 because we are inside more than we are outside. Please visit my Vitamin D Council board for more information about this topic.  Americans are also afraid of the sun lathering up with all those sun screens.  If we are wise and respect the power of the sun, there is no need to buy all those chemically filled sunscreens that short-circuit the benefits of the suns rays that create an atmosphere that brings damage to the skin.  Here are other sunscreen options.

Yellow appears to have important antioxidant functions in the body including vitamin C, beta carotene, and vitamin E that guard the body from damaging effects that can destroy cells and play a role in many diseases

….Yellow was thought to stimulate the nerves and purify the body in light therapy treatment.

…The cream to light yellow crystalline solid (Ellagic Acid) may help protect against cancer by neutralizing the cancer- causing chemicals.  Surprisingly, Ellagic Acid is hidden under the red color of a number strawberries, raspberries, and pomegranates.  It also helps by reducing DNA damage and helps regulate blood sugar response.  But studies of this acid have mainly been done in the laboratory, so its benefits for human health is an unknown.
Yellow lutein may help protect against atherosclerosis (buildup of fatty deposits in arteries), the disease that leads to most heart attacks.
Yellow lutein is a carotenoid with antioxidant properties. It’s known to reduce oxidative stress and neutralize free radicals in various organs, including your skin.
Yellow (under the color green) ~ Lutein

Another interesting fact about yellow is how it is hidden under the top layers of green serveimage-39in your leafy greens – they have 15-47% of lutein, but a very low content (0-3%) of zeaxanthin.  This is why we get the different colors of tree leaves in the fall.  This means that those leafy greens also contain this yellow pigment to bring you all of the great benefits of this beautiful nutrient.  The body cannot absorb lutein without the help of fat, so when eating your leafy green salads or smoothies, include a type of fat like Avocado, coconut oil, or a nut of your choice.

Zeaxanthin – xanthin, a yellow coloring carotenoid present in the retina of the eye and in many plants.

The two major carotenoids in the human macula and retina are lutein and zeaxanthin.  In our periphery vision, Zeaxanthin declines more rapidly than lutein.

On a Spiritual note:  There exists an old saying in American culture: “The eyes are a window to the soul.”  Matthew 6:22 (KJV) says, “The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.”

Let your eyes feast on this yellow that can trigger the feelings of happiness and friendliness, warmth like the sun.

serveimage-38Take care in what you allow your eyes to see.  May the light of the Lord’s words help you to be a light bringing sunshine to someone else as Matthew 5:16 (KJV) says, “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.”

Yellow Fruits & Vegetables and some quantities of either Lutein or Zeaxanthin or both:

 

  1. Yellow bell peppers – low amount of lutein (12%) but no Zeaxanthin. The highest amount of Zeaxanthin (8% Lutein 37% Zeaxanthin = 45% total) was found in Orange Peppers.  
  2. Yellow zucchini (or vegetable marrow – 30-52%) These compounds help scavenge harmful oxygen-derived free radicals
  3. Yellow tomatoes (39%-sun dried)
  4. Maize (Sweet corn) – (60% of lutein and 25% of zeaxanthin)
  5. Bananas – the banana skin contains lutein.  Some people prefer to boil the peel for 10 minutes or so before eating it, putting it through a juicer or blending it with other fruits. In Asian countries, banana peels are cooked with their flesh or fried on their own.  Banana peels are packed full of serotonin which boosts your mood and helps you feel happy. Some studies have shown that in just three days, eating 2 banana peels can raise your serotonin level by nearly 15%. Plus, the banana peel can help you sleep easier because of the tryptophan found in it. Tryptophan is the sleep-inducing amino acid.  Bananas contain pectins and fructooligosaccharides(FOS). Pectins have been studied for their effects on blood sugar levels, and FOS is a prebiotic that provides food for the healthy bacteria in your lower intestine.

6. Lemon (10.344ug) – lutein may help protect against atherosclerosis (buildup of fatty deposits in arteries), the disease that leads to most heart attacks.

7. Squash – (2401.3μg/1 cup) listed in the top ten for lutein and zeaxanthin

8. Grapefruit (10.169ug)

9. Mellon – 27.058ug honeydue; 26.25ug cantalope

10. Apples with skin (28.985ug)

11. Pears – (78.32 mcg)

12. Pineapple contains bromelain, a proteolytic substance that breaks down proteins, and it therefore can aid in digestion.  Look for pineapples that are heavy for their size, free of soft spots, bruises, and darkened areas, and they should have a fragrant, sweet smell at the stem.

NOTE: BEST FOODS FOR LUTEIN AND ZEAXANTHIN: (As noted above, green leafy foods surprisingly contain these beneficial nutrients)  

Kale, spinach (47 mole% lutein), Swiss chard, collard greens, turnip greens, dandelion greens, mustard greens, beet greens, radicchio, summer squash (all varieties), watercress, green peas, persimmons, winter squash (acorn, butternut, etc.), pumpkin, broccoli (22 mole%), brussels sprouts (27 mole%), lettuce (22 mole% – especially dark lettuces), asparagus, corn, green beans, okra, artichokes, green bell peppers.